Security, Surveillance and Muslims

Taming the ‘unruly’ – Criminal and Barbarian subjects in Post-colonial India

  • Noel Mariam George University of Hyderabad
Keywords: Ethno-nationalism, Biopolitics, Securitisation, Governmentality

Abstract

Colonial administrative apparatus maintained sovereignty through ‘secular’ indirect rule in India. Surveillance, Securitisation and Codification based on orientalized assumptions of ‘difference’ produced the Hindu majority. Scholarship that set Colonialism as binary opposite to Nationalism did not detail the nuances of colonial encounter. Colonial sovereign defined subjects as ‘unruly’ (barbarians) to exclude from the political order while at the same time co-opted certain myths of Caste Hindus to redefine European origin story as Aryan. Sovereign power in postcolonial India as a reproduction of the colonial sovereign defines the unruly (criminal Muslims) through criteria of exclusion that make exceptions to reconstitute its power as a Hindu sovereign.

Resumo

O sistema administrativo colonial manteve a sua soberania através do governo indireto "secular" na Índia. Vigilância, securitização e codificação com base em suposições orientalizadas de 'diferença' produziram a maioria hindu. A bolsa de estudos que definia o colonialismo como o oposto binário ao nacionalismo não detalhava as nuances do encontro colonial que sistematizavam o pensamento bramínico. A soberania colonial definiu os indivíduos como "indisciplinados" (bárbaros) para os excluir da ordem política e, ao mesmo tempo, cooptou os mitos hindus das castas para redefinir a história da origem europeia como ariana. O poder soberano na Índia pós-colonial surge como uma reprodução do soberano colonial que define os indisciplinados (muçulmanos criminosos) usando de critérios de exclusão que abrem exceções para reconstituir seu poder como soberano hindu.

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Author Biography

Noel Mariam George, University of Hyderabad
Noel Mariam George holds a bachelor's degree in English Copyediting from the Sacred Heart College (Theyara), a master's degree in International Relations and Area Studies and is currently pursuing a M.Phil in Political Science at Hyberabad University. Noel George worked as an intern in the Center for Public Policy Research (2018-2019).
Published
2019-12-20
How to Cite
George, N. (2019). Security, Surveillance and Muslims. Perspectivas - Journal of Political Science, 21, 25-36. https://doi.org/10.21814/perspectivas.2512
Section
Articles