Nova Gestão de Recursos Humanos na Administração Pública Portuguesa

New Human Resource Management in Portuguese Public Administration

Authors

  • José António Oliveira Rocha Full Professor at University of Minho

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21814/perspectivas.2675

Keywords:

Gestão de Recursos Humanos, Administração Pública, Portugal

Abstract

Human Resource Management has changed according to the type of State and the model of public management. After a classic period, in which, in truth, there was no management, the New Public Management (NPM) was adopted, which, in terms of human resources, tends to bring public management closer to business management. Efficiency constitutes the maximum value to be pursued, having adopted methods and techniques of business management, such as performance evaluation based on objectives, individual employment contract, outsourcing and financial autonomy. With the 2007/2008 crisis, the State centralized the management of human resources. The objective was now to control public expenditure, with public services responsible for a large part of this expenditure. The same happened in Portugal, having become more sophisticated in the last two years.

Resumo

A Gestão de Recursos Humanos mudou conforme o tipo de Estado e o modelo de gestão pública. Depois de um período clássico, em que, em boa verdade, não havia gestão, foi adotada a Nova Gestão Pública (NPM), que, em termos de recursos humanos, tende a aproximar a gestão pública da gestão empresarial. A eficiência constitui o valor máximo a prosseguir, tendo-se adotado métodos e técnicas de gestão empresarial, como a avaliação de desempenho com base em objetivos, o contrato individual de trabalho, a terceirização e a autonomia financeira. Com a crise de 2007/2008, o Estado centralizou a gestão de recursos humanos. O objetivo era agora controlar a despesa pública, sendo que os serviços públicos eram responsáveis por grande parte dessa despesa. Aconteceu o mesmo em Portugal, tendo vindo a sofisticar-se nos últimos dois anos com a reforma da função pública que se traduz no recrutamento centralizado dos funcionários e na criação de uma espécie de “senior civil service”. Estas reformas foram definidas em vários instrumentos normativos que começaram a ser implementados no início deste ano, pelo que ainda é cedo para avaliar o seu impacto.

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Author Biography

José António Oliveira Rocha, Full Professor at University of Minho

José António de Oliveira Rocha holds a BA in Philosophy and a Law Degree from the Coimbra Law Faculty, and completed his Master’s and Ph.D. in Political Science on the United States of America. His Ph.D. was recognized in the field of Administra- tive Sciences (Public Administration). Oliveira Rocha is a retired Full Professor of the University of Minho, having also taught at the Universities of Macau (1990-1992), University of Lisbon (2001- 2006) and several other national and foreign ones. His teaching areas are: Public Management, Public Policy, Public Finance, Human Resource Management, Quality Management, Management and Local Government. He has several books published in these areas, as well as articles in national and international journals.

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Published

2020-06-19

How to Cite

Oliveira Rocha, J. A. (2020). Nova Gestão de Recursos Humanos na Administração Pública Portuguesa: New Human Resource Management in Portuguese Public Administration. Perspectivas - Journal of Political Science, 22, 50-58. https://doi.org/10.21814/perspectivas.2675

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